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Correlation between a Rupture of the Hypovascular Zone and Early Single Heel Raising after Achilles Tendon Repair
J Korean Foot Ankle Soc 2018;22:21-25
Published online March 15, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.14193/jkfas.2018.22.1.21
© 2018 Korean Foot and Ankle Society

Si-Jung Song, Moses Lee, Myung Jin Shin, Jin Soo Suh

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Correspondence to: Jin Soo Suh
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, 170 Juhwaro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang 10380, Korea
Tel: 82-31-910-7968, Fax: 82-31-910-7967, E-mail: sjs0506@paik.ac.kr
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6830-9149
Received November 6, 2017; Revised December 8, 2017; Accepted December 13, 2017.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: To analyze the correlation between a rupture of the hypovascular zone and early single heel raising after Achilles tendon repair.
Materials and Methods: From January 2012 to August 2015, 68 patients, who underwent surgical treatment for a Achilles tendon rupture using Krackow method, were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups according to possibility of single heel raises within 3 months postoperatively. During the periodic outpatient observations, the visual analogue scale, Achilles tendon total rupture score (ATRS), and timing capable single heel raises were evaluated. In addition, the preoperative defect size and distance between the calcaneal osteotendinous junction and the rupture site were measured by ultrasound in all cases.
Results: Twenty-three patients could perform a single heel raise within 3 months after surgery (early single heel raise group), and fortyfive patients could perform a single heel raise after 3 month postoperatively. The age, gender, body mass index, smoking, and operation delay were similar in the two groups. In addition, the defect size and distance between the calcaneal osteotendinous junction and rupture site as measured by preoperative ultrasound were similar (p=0.379 and p=0.631, respectively). On the other hand, when the rupture site was divided into the hypovascular zone (4∼7 cm from calcaneal osteotendinous junction) and non-hypovascular zone, the hypovascular zone rupture rate was significantly lower in the early single heel raise group (60.9%, 14/23; 91.1%, 41/45; p=0.003). In logistic regression analysis, the odds of the hypovascular zone rupture group being capable of early single heel raise were 0.189 (p=0.017). The ATRS score at 3 months and 1 year after surgery were significantly higher in the early single heel raise group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Achilles tendon rupture at the hypovascular zone is a poor prognostic factor for early single heel raise and might affect the prognosis significantly after an Achilles tendon rupture operation.
Keywords : Achilles tendon, Ultrasound, Prognosis


September 2018, 22 (3)